Social Anxiety Disorder Treatment and Therapy Rational Emotive Therapy for Social Anxiety Disorder By Arlin Cuncic Arlin Cuncic Arlin Cuncic, MA, is the author of "Therapy in Focus: What to Expect from CBT for Social Anxiety Disorder" and "7 Weeks to Reduce Anxiety." Learn about our editorial process Updated on December 04, 2020 Medically reviewed Verywell Mind articles are reviewed by board-certified physicians and mental healthcare professionals. Medical Reviewers confirm the content is thorough and accurate, reflecting the latest evidence-based research. Content is reviewed before publication and upon substantial updates. Learn more. by Daniel B. Block, MD Medically reviewed by Daniel B. Block, MD LinkedIn Twitter Daniel B. Block, MD, is an award-winning, board-certified psychiatrist who operates a private practice in Pennsylvania. Learn about our Medical Review Board Print Hill Street Studios/Getty Images Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) is a type of therapy that deals with overcoming irrational beliefs and changing your reactions to the negative events that happen in your life. Basic REBT theory is based on the ABC Model: A = Activating Event (something happens)B = Belief (about the event)C = Consequence (emotional reaction to the belief) According to REBT, your reaction (C) is the result of your belief (B) and not caused directly by the event (A). The goal of REBT is to change your belief (B) so that your reaction (C) also changes. This is done through a process known as disputation, which is usually completed with the help of a therapist. For example, imagine that you have a fear of making introductions. Perhaps you aren't sure of the etiquette, worry that you will forget someone's name, or just feel too anxious to even make introductions or introduce yourself to others. In situations where introductions are required, you might avoid speaking or wait until other people introduce themselves. Sample Session Below is a sample conversation that you might have with your therapist about this fear. Client: I feel afraid to introduce people like I might say the wrong thing or embarrass myself. When I have to introduce myself, I feel awkward and usually end up saying nothing. Strangers probably think I am stuck up, but I just feel too anxious to do anything. Therapist: So you are afraid that other people will think you are bad at making introductions. What is so bad about that? Client: I'm not really sure, but I just can't seem to do it. I feel awkward. Therapist: So other people end up thinking you are a snob. So? Client: Well, it's hard to make friends when you make a bad impression. Therapist: Well, the main problem is the pressure you put on yourself to make the introduction. It makes you overly anxious about the situation to the point that you do nothing. You and your therapist would then work on a list of "MUST" statements. These are those irrational beliefs that you tell yourself in the situation that leads to you feeling bad about yourself: I MUST come across well to others or else I'm worthless. I MUST be socially competent or else I am no good. I MUST not make mistakes in social situations or I am a misfit. One technique to work on these "must" statements is to write them down on index cards with more rational statements written on the reverse of each card. For every "must" statement, you and your therapist might come up with four or five healthier replacement beliefs. For example: Front of Flashcard: "I must come across well to others." Back of Flashcard: "I might like to look good all the time, but I don't have to.""It's not horrible if I make a mistake introducing people.""Even if I don't introduce myself, people won't hate me.""Even if I forget to make introductions, it's not the end of the world." Your therapist would then have you look at these cards whenever you have a few minutes in your day to practice your new ways of thinking. Eventually, you will learn that it is not making introductions that make you anxious, but rather the demands that you put on yourself that it must go well. Even if you never get better at making introductions, you can be less anxious about the whole experience. As a way of extending your irrational thoughts even farther, imagine the worst-case scenario: Everyone you know starts avoiding you because you are bad at making introductions. When you can get to the point of seeing your fears as ridiculous, you can start to let them go. In addition to working through your irrational beliefs, you can also take steps to improve your social skills and learn about etiquette in the areas that make you uncomfortable. A Word From Verywell In summary, the basic premise of REBT when applied to social anxiety is to work on overcoming the irrational belief that everyone must like and approve of you in order for you to be of value. The process is usually done through a series of questions known as disputation with a trained therapist, though you can also practice replacing beliefs on your own. At the heart of REBT is the notion that you make the situations in your life better or worse depending on how you think about them. The Best Online Therapy Programs We've tried, tested and written unbiased reviews of the best online therapy programs including Talkspace, Betterhelp, and Regain. Sources Verywell Mind uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy. REBT Network. What is REBT? Three Minute Therapy. REBT Therapy. Three Minute Therapy. Social Anxiety: To Hug or Not. By Arlin Cuncic Arlin Cuncic, MA, is the author of "Therapy in Focus: What to Expect from CBT for Social Anxiety Disorder" and "7 Weeks to Reduce Anxiety." See Our Editorial Process Meet Our Review Board Share Feedback Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! What is your feedback? Other Helpful Report an Error Submit Speak to a Therapist for Social Anxiety Disorder Advertiser Disclosure × The offers that appear in this table are from partnerships from which Verywell Mind receives compensation.