Best Online LGBTQIA+ Counseling

NQTTCN is the best online LGBTQIA+ counseling service

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Finding a therapist can be a struggle for anyone, especially given the increase in mental health issues caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. But if you’re LGBTQIA+, it can be even more difficult to find a therapist who meets your specific needs. Because of the stress of discrimination, LGBTQIA+ people are at greater risk of nearly every mental illness, including substance use disorders and suicide, so the availability of therapists who can meet their needs is incredibly important. 

Online LGBTQIA+ counseling aims to fill this need by offering convenient, affordable virtual mental healthcare access to the queer community. That said, it can be hard to know where to look for an identity-affirming therapist. So to help you find a therapist who is sensitive to the needs of LGBTQIA+ people, we’ve done the research for you by surveying users at 55 different online therapy companies and 25 directories. We also tested the services ourselves. Here are the ones we recommend. 

Best Online LGBTQIA+ Counseling of 2023

Why Trust Us
Companies reviewed
Users Surveyed
Zipcodes Tested
To review 25 online therapist directories, we surveyed 180 users who'd used the service, interviewed with 358 therapists listed on the site, and sent each company a questionnaire. Then, we tested the directory's ability to serve 37 therapy seekers's needs across 18 zipcodes and evaluated the results with the help of three professional therapists.

When choosing an online therapy provider, we recommend that you read the company’s privacy guidelines before you sign up to better understand whether it is HIPAA-compliant and whether it shares any private information with third parties. There have been some concerns raised by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and several government officials about what user health information online therapy providers collect and what they do with any information they collect.

Best Overall : National Queer and Trans Therapists of Color Network

Key Specs
  • Price: Varies by therapist
  • Insurance accepted?: Varies by therapist
  • Types of therapy: Individual, couples, group, psychiatry
Why We Chose It

NQTTCN is a directory of mental healthcare providers, not an online therapy company. But it’s the only service that specifically serves queer and trans people of color (POC), a community with extremely limited access to mental healthcare. With informative profiles, NQTTCN empowers queer and trans therapy seekers of color to navigate a system that wasn’t otherwise built for them.

Pros & Cons
  • Profiles provide accessibility information

  • Free

  • Therapists provide culturally competent care

  • Not all therapists accept insurance

  • No way to filter by specialty


NQTTCN lives up to its mission to be a “healing justice organization committed to transforming mental health for queer and trans people of color (QTPoC).” The directory, which exclusively lists queer BIPOC mental health providers, reimagines the mental healthcare system as one grounded in justice rather than pathologizing ideologies. It not only assists you in finding a provider, but also offers a mental health fund to help you pay for mental health services. 

The directory is straightforward and easy to navigate. To search for a therapist, you simply enter your zip code on the homepage and are immediately provided with a list of practitioners. You can then narrow this list by distance, whether the therapists are accepting new patients, whether the therapists provide telehealth care, and whether they offer a sliding scale/low fee. 

Each profile provides a wealth of information about the practitioner: their therapeutic approach; credentials; licensure state; areas of expertise; and racial, gender, and sexual identities. A sidebar goes into detail about the accessibility of their office (should you access in-person services), including the type of lighting and whether the practitioner uses fragrances. The platform enables users to message the therapist directly and lists their contact information as well as the forms of payment they accept. 

Most practitioners in the database offer telehealth services, though they may only be licensed to practice within a certain state. If you are a queer BIPOC, NQTTCN should be your first stop when seeking a therapist, since those listed in this directory are uniquely suited to meet your needs. 

Plans & Pricing

Since NQTTCN is a directory, not an online therapy company, each therapist listed on the website is free to set their own therapy rates. You can usually find these rates per session on their profile page, which means you can easily decide which therapist is within your price range.

Some therapists also offer sliding scale rates or accept insurance. This information is also found in the therapist’s profile. 

User Satisfaction

We surveyed 180 users at NQTTCN and our results spoke to the directory’s quality and reliability. Over half of users ranked their overall experience as “very good” and another third ranked it as “good.” Furthermore, 76% were still using the therapist they found via NQTTCN. Not only did they have a positive experience, but our users were able to afford their mental healthcare. Seventy-three percent of users ranked the number of providers on the platform offering sliding scale or other payment plans as “good” or “very good.”

Best Budget Option : Talkspace

Key Specs
  • Price: $69 to $109 per week
  • Insurance accepted?: Yes
  • Types of therapy: Individual, couples, teens, psychiatry 
Why We Chose It

Talkspace’s multiple payment plans enable you to choose the level of care you need that will fit your budget. It also accepts insurance. With a dedicated option for LGBTQIA+ clients, Talkspace offers supportive mental healthcare at an affordable price.

Pros & Cons
  • Multiple plans to choose from

  • Medication management available

  • Unlimited contact with therapist

  • Cheapest option only includes messaging

  • Family therapy not available


Talkspace is an online therapy platform where you can call and message your therapist based on the payment plan you chose. The chat feature is the highlight of Talkspace, since even the plan that comes with live sessions only includes four live sessions per month. Fortunately, the plan compensates for this by allowing users to send an unlimited number of messages to their provider, even outside of work hours. Talkspace also features a progress tracker. This way, a user can evaluate their therapy’s effectiveness over time. Talkspace also offers medication management, making it a one-stop shop for those looking for accessible mental healthcare. 

LGBTQIA+ clients receive the same services as other clients, but are able to choose an affirming therapist by reading the therapist’s bios and specialties. If the therapist you choose turns out not to be a good fit, you can easily switch therapists, while still saving your progress via the chat. 

Talkspace’s emphasis on the chat option is not the best fit for those desiring a more personal relationship with their therapist, but the platform remains one of the most affordable ways to access LGBTQIA+-friendly healthcare. 

Plans & Pricing

Although there is no free trial available, Talkspace’s prices make it accessible to those who want to dip their toes into therapy. Talkspace offers three payment options, each with different features:

  • Messaging-only plan: Starts at $69/week
  • Live therapy plan: Includes messaging and four live sessions and starts at $99/week

There is also a plan that includes a weekly workshop in addition to the video and messaging sessions that costs more. 

Those needing psychiatric care will pay a much higher price:

  • Initial evaluation: $249
  • Follow-up sessions: Begin at $125 each

Talkspace also accepts most major insurance plans, but isn't available through Medicaid and Medicare. 

User Satisfaction

Overall, the users we surveyed had a positive experience with Talkspace. Not only did 69% of them rate their experience as “very good” or “excellent,” 65% of them said they received a “very good” or “excellent” value for the price they paid. Talkspace provides excellent value for the money.

Best for Medication Management : Talkiatry

Key Specs
  • Price: Depends on insurance
  • Insurance accepted?: Yes
  • Types of therapy: Medication management 
Why We Chose It

Talkiatry provides accessible psychiatric care for a variety of conditions through a straightforward online platform.

Pros & Cons
  • Psychotherapy available

  • Prescriptions sent to your local pharmacy

  • Insurance required

  • Not all conditions treated


Talkiatry’s no-nonsense approach to medication management is a welcome exception to the often-daunting task of finding a psychiatrist. After filling out a form, you can choose a psychiatrist that fits your treatment needs, preferences, and schedule. The psychiatrist can then evaluate you for a range of psychological conditions and proceed to prescribe whatever medication they see fit. However, Talkiatry does not treat schizophrenia, substance use disorders, or eating disorders. The initial session lasts an hour and each follow-up session is a half-hour long.

Talkiatry’s psychiatrists can also refer clients to its small network of therapists. Many of the therapists and psychiatrists specialize in LGBTQIA+ issues, and some treat children and adolescents. 

Important to note is that Talkiatry is available in 43 states as of 2023, though it has already expanded a great deal in just two years (when we reviewed it in 2021, it only served 5 states).

Plans & Pricing

To work with Talkiatry, you must have insurance. You cannot pay out of pocket. Fortunately, it accepts most major insurance plans, including Medicare. 

User Satisfaction

A whopping 99% of surveyed users said they were “satisfied” or “very satisfied” with Talkiatry’s services. And over half of them said that Talkiatry was “much better” than mental health services they used in the past.

Best for Treating Alcohol Use Disorder : Monument

Key Specs
  • Price: $0 to $249 per month
  • Insurance accepted?: Yes
  • Types of therapy: Support groups, individual  
Why We Chose It

Monument is one of the only online therapy options for thorough treatment of alcohol use disorder. With therapy, medication management, and free queer-specific support groups available, Monument treats the entire person—not just their drinking problem.

Pros & Cons
  • Medication management available

  • Free support groups

  • Insurance accepted

  • Unclear which co-occurring disorders it treats

  • Unclear if providers prescribe medication for conditions other than alcohol use disorder


Monument provides multi-level care for alcohol use disorder (AUD). You can attend support groups, including LGBTQIA+ and BIPOC-specific support groups; be prescribed medication to help reduce drinking; and meet with a therapist on a weekly or biweekly basis. 

The anonymous support groups are moderated by professionals. And you can access them to  chat with other group members anytime. Monument also offers an online community forum outside of its support groups. Furthermore, Monument treats people who may not want to stop drinking entirely but rather reduce their alcohol consumption. This scientifically backed approach to AUD treatment is rarely accessible, making Monument stand out as a provider. 

Plans & Pricing

Monument accepts the following insurance plans:

  • Aetna
  • Anthem
  • Optum/UnitedHealthcare
  • BlueCross/BlueShield
  • Medicare
  • Cigna

Additionally, users can pay out of pocket by choosing one of the following plans:

  • Community Membership: Includes access to support groups and the online community forum; free
  • Physician Care: Includes community support, one meeting with a physician, and ongoing medication management; $9.99 per month plus a $45 initial fee
  • Biweekly Total Care: Includes community support, unlimited meetings with your physician, ongoing medication management, and two meetings with a therapist per month; $149 per month
  • Weekly Total Care: Includes community support, unlimited meetings with your physician, ongoing medication management, and four meetings with a therapist per month; $249 per month
User Satisfaction

With 94% of surveyed users saying that they were “satisfied” or “very satisfied” with the care they received at Monument, it’s clear that its services holistically address the needs of its clients.

Best With Insurance : Teladoc Health

Key Specs
  • Price: $99 per session without insurance
  • Insurance accepted?: Yes
  • Types of therapy: Individual, medication management 
Why We Chose It

Teladoc provides both talk therapy and medication management through an accessible platform that accepts all major insurance providers.

Pros & Cons
  • You choose your own therapist

  • Wide variety of therapeutic approaches available

  • Simple scheduling through the app

  • Cannot prescribe controlled substances

  • Costly without insurance


Teladoc aims to make accessing mental health care as convenient as possible. It may not provide the same range of services as other platforms, but its streamlined approach means you don’t pay for features  you don’t need. After filling out a questionnaire regarding your medical history, you choose a therapist and some dates/times that work for you. The therapist or psychiatrist then chooses which times align with their schedule. 

All sessions at Teladoc are live video sessions and you schedule your sessions once a week, as needed. There are no subscription plans or opportunities to message your therapist outside of sessions.

Plans & Pricing

Teladoc accepts most major insurances. Without insurance, you will pay $99 per therapy visit. 

User Satisfaction

Our user satisfaction survey spoke to the quality of Teladoc’s therapy. Over half of surveyed users said if they were still in therapy a year from now, it was “very likely” that it would be a therapist from Teladoc. Furthermore, 97% said they were “satisfied” or “very satisfied” with Teladoc’s services. 

Best for Couples : Kip Therapy

Key Specs
  • Price: Varies by therapist 
  • Insurance accepted?: No
  • Types of therapy: Individual, couples, young people & families 
Why We Chose It 

Kip Therapy’s focus on training the next generation of therapists enables it to provide affirming therapy for LGBTQIA+ people, including couples.

Pros & Cons
  • Multiple payment tiers 

  • Free to choose your own therapist 

  • Support for non-monogamous couples available 

  • Unforgiving cancellation policy 

  • Serves New York only


Queer couples residing in New York should explore Kip Therapy. Its therapists help couples navigate intersecting identities, relationship struggles, and/or ethical non-monogamy. Not only does it offer designated couples therapy, but it also offers support groups for couples engaging in ethical non-monogamy. Furthermore, because Kip treats families as well as couples, it can support couples struggling within a broader family dynamic. 

You can join Kip Therapy one of two ways: Click on the “get started” page and see all of the therapists available, then narrow down the list by the therapist’s gender, race, specialty, price tier, sexual orientation, and availability. The second option is to choose a therapist based on therapy type: Click on the “therapy” tab in the menu. This guides you to a page describing all of Kip’s services. Once there, simply click on “book a session” under your chosen therapy type and you will be sent to the  scheduling platform. 

Kip Therapy stands out among other platforms because of its focus on training the next generation of therapists. Because of this, it offers three payment tiers, corresponding to the amount of experience the therapist has. This ensures  the company can offer therapy to a broader range of people while also providing emerging therapists with the experience they need. 

All sessions at Kip Therapy are held via live video call, though Kip did offer in-person sessions to New York City residents pre-pandemic and may do so again in the future. 

Plans & Pricing

Kip Therapy does not accept insurance but will allow you to submit a reimbursement claim. If you meet with an associate therapist, your initial consultation is free. For all other tiers, the consult is $25.

Kip’s tiered payment system makes it one of the more financially accessible platforms. Individual therapy adheres to the following payment structure:

  • Meeting with an associate therapist costs between $65 and $95 per session. Associate therapists are graduate-level interns. 
  • Meeting with a resident therapist costs between $130 and $150 per session. Resident therapists are resident fellows. 
  • Meeting with a senior therapist costs between $170 and $225 per session. Senior therapists have the most experience. 

Couples therapy costs $200 per session if you meet with a provider from the two lower tiers and $250 for a tier-three clinician. 

User Satisfaction

Our user survey data supports the idea that Kip’s therapists, even the less experienced ones, provide high-quality care. Three-fourths of our surveyed users rated Kip Therapy as “very good” or “excellent.” And 80% rated the value they got for what they paid as being “very good” or “excellent.” Furthermore, over half said it was “very likely” they would recommend Kip Therapy to a friend. 

Best for Cis Gay Men : Gay Therapy Center

Key Specs
  • Price: $185+ per session 
  • Insurance accepted?: No 
  • Types of therapy: Individual, couples 
Why We Chose It 

The Gay Therapy Center provides cisgender gay men with the opportunity to receive mental healthcare tailored to their specific needs. 

Pros & Cons
  • Personalized therapist matching 

  • Sex therapy available 

  • Substance use disorder therapy available 

  • Does not accept insurance 

  • May not be suitable for transgender people 


According to the Gay Therapy Center's website, Adam D. Blum founded it in 2015 in order to better serve the LGBTQ community. Blum’s focus is matching the client with their ideal therapist through a free, personalized phone call rather than leaving the matching up to an algorithm. 

The Gay Therapy Center provides mental healthcare geared to gay cisgender men. Although it purports to offer support to the broader LGBTQIA+ community, its website doesn’t discuss therapy for those navigating their gender identity, and most of the photos are of people who appear to be cisgender men. 

This niche isn’t necessarily a bad thing. The gay male community faces specific challenges that the Gay Therapy Center addresses. For example, it offers substance use disorder therapy and specifically mentions meth, a drug with a large presence in the gay male community, on its website. 

Receiving care from the Gay Therapy Center involves scheduling a 15-minute phone call with either the founder or an intake coordinator. Together, you and the person completing your intake process will discuss which available therapist will best fit your needs. Once you are matched, you can meet with your therapist as soon as 24 hours after the phone call, depending on the therapist’s availability. The center recommends you meet with your therapist at least once per week via live video, but it is flexible depending on your needs. 

The Gay Therapy Center’s target demographic may be small, but this allows it to specifically support the gay male community, unlike any other company we surveyed. 

Plans & Pricing

Each session costs a minimum of $185 unless you live in California, where therapists-in-training can work with you for $120 per session. Although the Gay Therapy Center doesn’t accept insurance, if you live in California, New York, or Washington, D.C., it will help you submit reimbursement claims and HSA and FSA payments. 

User Satisfaction

Overall, 84% of the users we surveyed from Gay Therapy Center rated the company as excellent, very good, or good, while 71% said they were very likely or likely to recommend it to a friend or someone like them. In addition, 60% said they’d go back to Gay Therapy Center if they ever had to start their search for a therapist again and of those that had tried another service, 81% said the services they received were much better, better, or a little better. 

Best Christian Counseling : The Christian Closet

Key Specs
  • Price: Groups range from $60-$75 per session, individual sessions vary by therapist and start at $130
  • Insurance accepted?: No
  • Types of therapy: Individual, group

We did not get the opportunity to survey any of The Christian Closet’s users. We thought it was still important to include it in this list because it is the only nationally available service of its kind. 

Why We Chose It 

The Christian Closet is the only nationally available provider offering LGBTQIA+ Christians counseling to help them navigate their gender and/or sexual identity in relation to their faith. 

Pros & Cons
  • Affirmative Christian counseling

  • Counseling for family members available 

  • All providers identify as LGBTQIA+

  • Does not accept insurance 

  • No messaging or other features available 


Queer Christians seeking online therapy that takes their faith into consideration should contact The Christian Closet for support. The therapy company’s Instagram profile is bursting with affirming messages such as, “You can reflect the glory of God as you are” and “You can find belonging and acceptance in yourself.” The program aims to help you create a new relationship with religion, which can be crucial to the mental health of queer Christians. With the support of its team of 13 queer therapists, you can learn to love all aspects of yourself. 

The Christian Closet functions like a traditional therapy practice, with each practitioner setting their own prices and schedule. First, you fill out an online application for a free half-hour consultation with a therapist of your choice. After that consultation, you can discuss with the practitioner which therapist will be right for you. Sessions are conducted via video on a HIPAA-compliant platform.

Additionally, The Christian Closet offers services specific to those facing a potentially challenging coming-out process, including couples counseling for queer people married to non-queer spouses. If non-queer family members need individual counseling, The Christian Closet partners with Progressive Christian Counseling to help support them. 

Plans & Pricing

The initial half-hour conversation is free, but the platform does not accept any kind of insurance. Each therapist sets their own prices and many have sliding scale options. 

Final Verdict

If you are an LGBTQIA+ person seeking mental health care, the process can be long, complicated, and filled with options that look promising but turn out to be un-affirming. However, there are several organizations and companies aiming to build a better system that addresses the mental health concerns of the queer community. The National Queer & Trans Therapists of Color Network (NQTTCN) is one of the most radical, while Talkspace incorporates it into a large network of therapy services. . 

We chose the NQTTCN as our top choice for online LGBTQIA+ therapy because it effectively supports the most underserved population in the queer community. With its database of queer BIPOC therapists and financial resources, it serves clinicians and clients alike. Furthermore, its emphasis on serving BIPOC individuals borders on revolutionary. Any queer BIPOC individuals in need of mental health care should explore NQTTCN’s site before falling down any other rabbit holes.

Guide to Choosing the Best Online LGBTQIA+ Counseling

What Types of LGBTQIA+ Counseling Are There?

There are many types of LGBTQIA+ counseling, just as there are for the general population. These include everything from eating disorder treatment to marriage counseling to grief and trauma therapy. Additionally, if you are facing a challenge directly related to your LGBTQIA+ identity, there are mental healthcare providers equipped to navigate those challenges with you. 

If you are emotionally struggling, one of the best ways to identify what kind of therapy would work best for you is to reach out to your primary care physician (PCP). Although PCPs are not trained mental healthcare professionals, they are trained to do initial evaluations and can help direct you to mental health care resources. Furthermore, sites such as Mental Health America offer free preliminary screening tools for different diagnoses. Although these quizzes can’t provide you with an accurate diagnosis, they offer a good place to start.  

Although online counseling doesn’t work well for everyone or for every mental health condition, it can be a good option, especially if you live in a rural area or a part of a country that lacks resources for LGBTQIA+ individuals. It is also convenient for those who lack easy access to transportation or have demanding schedules.  

How Do I Know If Online Therapy Is Actually LGBTQIA+ Friendly?

There are many pitfalls to finding therapy that is actually LGBTQIA+ friendly. Here are some qualities that indicate a safe service:

  • Many, if not all, of the therapists identify as queer
  • The organization supports ethically non-monogamous relationships 
  • The organization takes other progressive stances such as supporting human rights or racial justice movements

If you are looking for therapy specifically for Christians or other faith-based counseling, it is vital to be on the lookout for practices that advocate for conversion therapy. Conversion therapy is an attempt to change someone’s gender identity or sexual orientation and has been shown to cause an increased risk of suicide and other forms of mental illness. According to GLAAD, the following terms often indicate that an organization advocates for conversion therapy:

  • Sexual Orientation Change Efforts (SOCE)
  • Sexual Attraction Fluidity Exploration in Therapy (SAFE-T)
  • Eliminating, reducing or decreasing frequency or intensity of unwanted Same-Sex Attraction (SSA)
  • Reparative therapy
  • Sexual reorientation efforts
  • Ex-gay ministry
  • Promoting healthy sexuality
  • Addressing sexual addictions and disorders
  • Sexuality counseling
  • Encouraging relational and sexual wholeness
  • Healing sexual brokenness

Regardless of what any organization or therapist says on its website, remember that if a therapist or counselor says something that makes you uncomfortable or feels offensive, switch therapists. Your therapist is there to help you, and if they are not equipped to do so, you should feel empowered to find someone who is. 

Comparing Online LGBTQIA+ Counseling Services

There are a variety of factors to consider when choosing which online LGBTQIA+ counseling service can assist you best. These include:

  • Price
  • Scheduling system
  • Locations served
  • Method of counseling (chat systems, text messaging, phone call, video call, etc.)
  • Ease of switching between therapists 

Furthermore, although some companies claim to adequately serve all LGBTQIA+ identities, some specialize in specific queer experiences. Look for language that acknowledges your specific intersectional experiences. 

Who Is Online LGBTQIA+ Therapy Right For? 

Online LGBTQIA+ counseling is ideal for queer people needing emotional support regardless of whether their distress is connected to their queer identity or not. If you have a mental illness such as anxiety, depression, OCD, or ADHD, queer-friendly online therapy can be a critical part of your mental health care. Furthermore, LGBTQIA+ children and teens and their parents can benefit from the guidance that online LGBTQIA+-friendly therapy provides. 

However, it is important to note that online therapy cannot address psychosis, schizophrenia, severe mood disorders, or most eating disorders. If you are having a mental health emergency, please refer to the resources below. 

What If I'm Having Thoughts of Harming Myself? 

If you are experiencing a mental health crisis, please reach out to one of the resources below.

LGBTQIA+ youth should reach out to The Trevor Project.

Transgender adults can call the Trans Lifeline at 877-565-8860.

Other adults can call the national hotline at 988 or reach out to the crisis text line by texting HOME to 741-741. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Do Online LGBTQIA+ Counselors Accept Insurance?

LGBTQIA+ counseling services vary widely when it comes to what health insurance plans they accept, if any at all. If you are seeking those that do accept insurance, make sure the counselor is a licensed mental health professional in your state, and contact them ahead of time to double-check their insurance-acceptance status. Keep in mind that even those who don’t accept insurance will often allow you to submit reimbursement claims if they are licensed in your state.

Do HIPAA Laws Apply to Online Counseling?

The short answer is yes. HIPAA laws apply to anyone receiving mental health care services from a licensed professional regardless of whether they are doing so in-person or online. Therefore, as long as your counselor is acting as a licensed therapist, rather than a “life coach,” they are bound by HIPAA laws.

Is There Financial Support for Online LGBTQIA+ Counseling?

The National Queer & Trans Therapists of Color Network (NQTTCN) offers a mental health fund to BIPOC queer folks seeking therapy. Furthermore, many individual practices offer sliding scale fees that can help those in financial need. Other organizations and companies offer discounted rates if you meet with a graduate student intern being supervised by a therapist rather than with the licensed therapist.

Are There Online LGBTQIA+ Couples Counselors?

Yes, we listed Kip Therapy as our top choice for online LGBTQIA+ couples counseling. However, if you live outside of New York state, the Queer Couples Center is also an option. We didn’t highlight it because we found its sign-up process difficult.

Can Online Therapy or Counseling Help the LGBTQIA+ Community With Mental Health and Trauma?

Just as the general population can receive trauma-related therapy online, so can the LGBTQIA+ community. As with any other specialty, look for a therapist who lists trauma as an area of expertise and verify they have previous experience working with queer clients. Don’t be afraid to call ahead and ask if the therapist has experience with your specific type of trauma.


We looked into 12 different companies and organizations to see which ones served the LGBTQIA+ population best. Our main criteria were that they were friendly to all LGBTQIA+ identities or explicitly served one subgroup very well. We used user surveys as well as the experiences of some of our user testers to make sure that the companies were safe for the queer community. 

Best Online LGTBQ+ Counseling

Verywell Mind / Design by Amelia Manley

Article Sources
Verywell Mind uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
  1. Russell ST, Fish JN. Mental health in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth. Annu Rev Clin Psychol. 2016;12:465-487. doi:10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-021815-093153

  2. Compton WM, Jones CM. Substance use among men who have sex with men. N Engl J Med. 2021;385(4):352-356.

  3. Ryan C, Toomey RB, Diaz RM, Russell ST. Parent-initiated sexual orientation change efforts with lgbt adolescents: implications for young adult mental health and adjustment. J Homosex. 2020;67(2):159-173. doi:10.1080/00918369.2018.1538407

  4. GLAAD. Conversion therapy.

  5. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. FAQs on telehealth and HIPAA during the COVID-19 nationwide public health emergency.

By El Wilson
El is a current master's student at Emerson College’s Writing and Publishing program and writes about mental and physical wellness for VeryWell Mind, VeryWell Fit, Shape, and EatingWell. 

Edited by
Simone Scully

Simone is the health editorial director for performance marketing at Verywell. She has over a decade of experience as a professional journalist covering mental health, chronic conditions, medicine, and science.

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Hannah Owens
Hannah Owens

Hannah Owens is the Mental Health/General Health Editor for performance marketing at Verywell. She is a licensed social worker with clinical experience in community mental health.

Learn about our editorial process