Social Anxiety Disorder Coping Social Anxiety Disorder Guide Social Anxiety Disorder Guide Symptoms & Diagnosis Causes Treatment Living With In Children Living With Social Anxiety Disorder By Arlin Cuncic Arlin Cuncic Arlin Cuncic, MA, is the author of "Therapy in Focus: What to Expect from CBT for Social Anxiety Disorder" and "7 Weeks to Reduce Anxiety." Learn about our editorial process Updated on October 19, 2021 Medically reviewed Verywell Mind articles are reviewed by board-certified physicians and mental healthcare professionals. Medical Reviewers confirm the content is thorough and accurate, reflecting the latest evidence-based research. Content is reviewed before publication and upon substantial updates. 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Learn about our editorial process Print Verywell / Kaley McKean Table of Contents View All Table of Contents Social Coping Emotional Coping Day-to-Day Strategies Mistakes to Avoid Next in Social Anxiety Disorder Guide Social Anxiety Disorder in Children Social anxiety disorder (SAD) help can come in many forms. Although treatment is available and effective for SAD, it is estimated that only 35 percent of people with the disorder ever receive treatment. While not a substitute for professional treatment, for those that may otherwise receive no help, self-help is a good starting point. The self-help strategies for social anxiety disorder outlined below can be used at home to overcome your symptoms. What Causes Social Withdrawal? Social Coping A good first step to coping with social anxiety disorder is to identify the social skills that could use a bit of work. If you focus on improving those, it may help you cope with the thoughts and emotions that come with social anxiety disorder. Assertiveness Many people with social anxiety disorder lack assertiveness and can benefit from learning to become more assertive through self-help strategies. Practice becoming more assertive by communicating your needs in a calm and relaxed way that respects the needs of others. Usually, this takes the form of "I" statements such as "I feel hurt when you don't respond to my phone calls." Learning to say no is also an important part of being assertive and a skill that most people with social anxiety struggle with. How to Be More Assertive When You Have SAD Nonverbal Communication Improving your nonverbal communication skills is another area in which you can employ self-help strategies if you live with social anxiety. Most people with social anxiety tend to adopt a "closed-off" stance; you may do this without even realizing it. Learning how to have a relaxed posture (e.g. hands at your sides, good eye contact) encourages others to respond positively to you and makes you appear more approachable. Developing body confidence in this way will help you to become more confident in social interactions. Verbal Communication In addition to adopting a relaxed body posture, knowing how to start conversations, keep them going, and listen attentively are skills that you can develop through self-help strategies. As an example, one quick tip for joining a group of people in conversation is to listen first and then make a comment about what they are already talking about. For example, "Are you talking about the election results? I couldn't believe them either." Expose yourself to as many opportunities as possible to develop your verbal communication abilities. Practice being a good listener, asking open-ended questions, and sharing stories about yourself so that others can get to know you better. How to Socialize When You Have Social Anxiety Disorder Telling Others About Your Social Anxiety It's likely your closest family and friends already have an idea of your social anxiety. If you want to tell someone specific, send a message that there is something you'd like to share and arrange a time at a quiet place to talk. If you feel too nervous to explain your situation, write down a summary of what you've been feeling. It's best to share your symptoms so that the other person can gain an understanding of what you are going through. Remember that not everyone will know the ins and outs of social anxiety disorder; some people may need some help to understand what you're going through. Emotional Coping Fear and negative thoughts are two of the most common emotions when you have social anxiety. A few simple strategies can help you overcome them. Deep Breathing Having social anxiety means that you probably have strong emotional reactions in social situations. One way to reduce these anxious reactions is for your body to be in a relaxed state. When your body is relaxed, your breathing is slow and natural, and your mind is free of negative thoughts, making it easier to enjoy being with others. You probably breathe too quickly in anxiety-provoking situations, which in turn makes your other anxiety symptoms worse. Below are some steps to manage your anxious and shallow breathing. How to Practice Deep Breathing Count the number of breaths that you take in one minute (count an inhale and exhale as one). Make a note of this number. The average person will take 10 to 12 breaths per minute.Focus on your breathing. Inhale through your nose and exhale through your mouth. Take deep breaths from your diaphragm instead of shallow breaths from your chest. Inhale for 3 seconds and exhale for 3 seconds (use a watch or clock with a second hand). As you exhale, think “relax” and release tension in your muscles. Continue breathing this way for 5 minutes.Count your breaths per minute again and see if the number has gone down.Practice this breathing technique a few times per day when you are already relaxed. It may help to start practicing when you first wake up and before you go to sleep. When in social situations, make sure that you are breathing the way that you practiced. In time, this way of breathing may become more automatic. Reducing Negative Thinking If you live with social anxiety, you probably misinterpret comments or facial expressions made by other people, which contributes to your emotional reactions. In particular, there are two common thought patterns that can contribute to your anxiety. Mindreading: You assume that you know what other people are thinking about you (e.g. "Everyone can see how anxious I am.").Personalizing: You assume that the behaviors of others are related to you (e.g. "He looks bored, I shouldn’t have invited him to this movie."). The thoughts that you have are so automatic that you probably don’t even realize you are thinking them. Below are some steps to better managing your negative thoughts. How to Reduce Negative Thoughts Think back to a recent social situation in which you felt anxious. Write down what your negative thoughts were before, during, and after the situation.Ask yourself questions to challenge your negative thoughts. For example, if your negative automatic thought was "People are yawning, they must think that I am boring," ask yourself "Could there be a different explanation?" In this case, your alternative thought could be "It probably had nothing to do with me, they were just tired."Try to notice the automatic negative thoughts that you have before, during, and after feared social situations, and challenge them with alternatives. Overcome Negative Thinking When You Have Social Anxiety Disorder Facing Your Fears Avoiding feared situations may reduce your emotional reactions in the short term, but in the long term, it severely limits your life. In addition, the number of situations that you fear grows as your fear becomes more general. On the other hand, gradual exposure to social situations coupled with relaxation techniques will help to reduce the anxiety and emotional reactions that you associate with those situations. There are ways to overcome avoidance. To start, identify the top 10 situations that you avoid. For each situation on the list, break it down into a series of steps, increasing in difficulty. For example, if you are afraid of being the center of attention, your steps might look like this: Tell a funny story about yourself to a group of people that you know well.Tell a funny story about yourself to a group of people that you don’t know well.Voice your true opinion to a group of friends.Voice your true opinion to a group of strangers.Make a toast at dinner with people whom you know well.Make a toast at dinner with people whom you don't know well. Practice each step as much as you need to before moving on to the next. If you notice anxiety, challenge your negative thinking and use the slow breathing technique to relax. Note that the specific list you create will depend on your fears. For example, you might feel more afraid of speaking in front of people you know well versus a crowd of strangers. In this case, you would reverse items on the list. How to Be Less Self-Conscious in Social Situations Day-to-Day Strategies Below are some tips to help you cope with social anxiety on a day-to-day basis, such as while at work or attending school. Tell your employer so that you can receive accommodations or supports in the workplace.Arrive to meetings early so you can meet people one-by-one as they arrive.Make a list of questions to ask your teacher or supervisor and start with the least anxiety-provoking ones.Keep up on current events so that you will be able to participate in small talk.Avoid using alcohol to overcome inhibitions.Choose a job for which you have passion so that even the most challenging aspects of work in terms of your social anxiety will seem worth it.Make new friends by greeting people, giving compliments, and starting brief conversations.Get regular exercise, eat healthy food, and avoid caffeine and sugar to reduce your anxiety. Press Play for Advice On Reducing Your Anxiety Hosted by Editor-in-Chief and therapist Amy Morin, LCSW, this episode of The Verywell Mind Podcast, featuring NBA player Kyle Guy, shares ways to reduce your anxiety. Click below to listen now. Subscribe Now: Apple Podcasts / Spotify / Google Podcasts Mistakes to Avoid There are a number of common mistakes that people make when trying to overcome social anxiety through self-help strategies. Avoiding these mistakes will ensure that you aren't making things worse. Never try to control your anxiety. The more you see it as something awful that needs to be eliminated, the more focused you will be on it and the harder it will be to reduce.Don't focus on being perfect. Instead, focus on accepting worst-case scenarios and then work backward from there.Never accept social anxiety as a personality trait. While you might be an introvert or have a tendency to be shy, social anxiety disorder is a mental health issue that does not define who you are. It is possible to overcome your anxiety and live a fulfilling life.While there is some evidence that cannabidiol (CBD), a component of marijuana, may be helpful for social anxiety, there are also risks associated with its use. Be sure to carefully balance any risks and benefits when considering using this as a coping strategy. Don't wait too long to seek help from a mental health professional. While it can be tempting to think you can solve this all on your own, often people need therapy or medication to successfully manage social anxiety. Best SAD Online Treatment A Word From Verywell Over time, as you practice relaxation, challenge negative thoughts, and face feared situations, you will find it easier to manage your anxiety in stressful situations. This should help to relieve your social anxiety. However, if you still face severe anxiety on a daily basis, it is important to consult your doctor or a mental health professional, as traditional treatment such as medication or cognitive-behavioral therapy may be advisable. How to Recognize Social Anxiety Disorder in Children and Teens 14 Sources Verywell Mind uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy. Chapdelaine A, Carrier JD, Fournier L, Duhoux A, Roberge P. Treatment adequacy for social anxiety disorder in primary care patients. PLoS One. 2018;13(11). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0206357 Kählke F, Berger T, Schulz A, et al. Efficacy of an unguided internet‐based self‐help intervention for social anxiety disorder in university students: A randomized controlled trial. 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Published online 2020. doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-817752-5.00012-3 Drissi N, Ouhbi S, Janati Idrissi MA, Ghogho M. An analysis on self-management and treatment-related functionality and characteristics of highly rated anxiety apps. International Journal of Medical Informatics. 2020;141. doi:10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2020.104243 Mercan N, Bulut M, Yüksel Ç. Investigation of the relatedness of cognitive distortions with emotional expression, anxiety, and depression. Current Psychology. Published online September 1, 2021. doi:10.1007/s12144-021-02251-z Radtke SR, Strege MV, Ollendick TH. Exposure therapy for children and adolescents with social anxiety disorder. Exposure Therapy for Children with Anxiety and OCD. Published online 2020. doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-815915-6.00009-3 Glazier BL, Alden LE. Social anxiety disorder and memory for positive feedback. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 2019;128(3). doi:10.1037/abn0000407 Abdollahi A. The association of rumination and perfectionism to social anxiety. Psychiatry. 2019;82(4). doi:10.1080/00332747.2019.1608783 Masataka N. Anxiolytic effects of repeated cannabidiol treatment in teenagers with social anxiety disorders. Frontiers in Psychology. 2019;10. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02466 Pelissolo A, Abou Kassm S, Delhay L. Therapeutic strategies for social anxiety disorder: Where are we now? Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics. 2019;19(12). doi:10.1080/14737175.2019.1666713 Additional Reading Jorm AF, Christensen H, Griffiths KM, Parslow RA, Rodgers B, Blewitt KA. Effectiveness of complementary and self-help treatments for anxiety disorders. Med J Aust. 2004;181(7 Suppl):S29-46. Lewis C, Pearce J, Bisson JI. Efficacy, cost-effectiveness and acceptability of self-help interventions for anxiety disorders: systematic review. Br J Psychiatry. 2012;200(1):15-21. DOI: 10.1192/bjp.bp.110.084756 Andrews, G. (Ed.). (2007). Clinical Research Unit for Anxiety and Depression, UNSW. Self Help for Social Phobia. By Arlin Cuncic Arlin Cuncic, MA, is the author of "Therapy in Focus: What to Expect from CBT for Social Anxiety Disorder" and "7 Weeks to Reduce Anxiety." See Our Editorial Process Meet Our Review Board Share Feedback Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! What is your feedback? Other Helpful Report an Error Submit Speak to a Therapist for Social Anxiety Disorder Advertiser Disclosure × The offers that appear in this table are from partnerships from which Verywell Mind receives compensation.