Traits of the INTP Personality Type

Quiet and Analytical Meyer-Briggs Type

INTP (introverted, intuitive, thinking, perceiving) is one of the 16 personality types described by the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). People who score as INTP are often described as quiet and analytical. They enjoy spending time alone, thinking about how things work and coming up with solutions to problems.

According to psychologist David Keirsey, creator of the Keirsey Temperament Sorter, approximately 1 to 5 percent of people have an INTP personality type.

INTP Personality Traits

The MBTI identifies personality preferences and tendencies in four key areas: extraversion versus introversion, sensing versus intuition, thinking versus feeling, and judging versus perceiving. As you can tell from the four-letter acronym, INTP stands for Introverted, Intuitive, Thinking and Perceiving.

  • Introversion (I): INTPs prefer to socialize with a small group of close friends.
  • Intuition (N): INTPs tend to think about the big picture, rather than focusing on every tiny detail.
  • Thinking (T): INTPs are logical and base decisions on objective information rather than subjective feelings.
  • Perceiving (P): INTPs like to keep their options open and feel limited by structure and planning.

Some of the common characteristics exhibited by people with this personality type include:

  • Quiet, reserved, and thoughtful
  • Enjoys theoretical thinking
  • Tends to be flexible and tolerant
  • Highly logical and objective
  • Good at thinking "outside of the box"

INTPs Are Introverts

As introverts, INTPs prefer spending time alone for the most part. Unlike extroverts, who gain energy from interacting with a wide group of people, introverts must expend energy in social situations. After being around a lot of people, INTPs might feel like they need to spend some time alone to recharge and find balance. While they may be shy around people they do not know well, INTPs tend to be warm and friendly with their close group of family and friends.

INTPs Are Independent

INTPs can be very independent and place a great deal of emphasis on personal freedom and autonomy. In some cases, they can be aggravated by authority figures, particularly those that they feel are trying to suppress their ability to think and act for themselves. Because of this, INTPs typically do best in careers as they have a great deal of flexibility and independence.

Because INTPs enjoy solitude and deep thinking, they sometimes strike others as aloof and detached. At times, people with this personality type can get lost in their own thoughts and lose track of the outside world. They love ideas and place a high value on intelligence and knowledge.

In social situations, INTPs tend to be quite easy-going and tolerant. However, they can become unyielding when their beliefs or convictions are challenged. Their high emphasis on logic can make it difficult to not correct others in situations where other people present arguments that are not rational or logical. Because they rely on their own minds rather than others, they can also be very difficult to persuade.

Famous People With INTP Personalities

Based on analysis of their lives and works, some researchers, including Keirsey, have suggested that the following famous individuals exhibit INTP characteristics:

  • Albert Einstein, scientist
  • Charles Darwin, naturalist
  • William James, psychologist and philosopher
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower, U.S. President
  • C. G. Jung, psychiatrist
  • Socrates, philosopher
  • Sir Isaac Newton, mathematician, physicist, and astronomer
  • J.K. Rowling, author
  • Abraham Lincoln, U.S. President

Some famous fictional characters that exhibit INTP characteristics include:

  • Sherlock Holmes
  • Brian Griffin, "Family Guy"
  • Data, "Star Trek: The Next Generation"
  • Albus Dumbledore, "Harry Potter"

Best Career Choices for INTPs

Because they enjoy theoretical and abstract concepts, INTPs often do particularly well in science-related careers. They are logical and have strong reasoning skills, but are also excellent at thinking creatively.

  • Chemist
  • Physicist
  • Computer programmer
  • Forensic scientist
  • Engineer
  • Mathematician
  • Pharmacist
  • Software developer
  • Geologist
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Article Sources
  • Keirsey D. Please Understand Me II: Temperament, Character, Intelligence. Del Mar, CA: Prometheus Nemesis Book Company; 1998.
  • Myers IB. Introduction to Type: A Guide to Understanding your Results on the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. Mountain View, CA: CPP, Inc; 1998.