How to Talk About Sex With Your Partner

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Problems with sex and sexual satisfaction can cause relationship and marital distress. Even though it is a common problem, talking about sex with your partner can be daunting. Sharing issues with strangers online might even feel easier for you than discussing them directly with your partner, which might explain why sex is so commonly discussed in online relationship forums.

These conversations can produce significant anxiety, which can cause you to avoid them altogether. Knowing a few strategies can make them easier, however, and you're likely to find "the sex talk" worth the effort. 

How to Talk About Sex With Your Partner

  • Start slowly.
  • Focus on intimacy.
  • Skip surprises.
  • Express yourself.
  • Talk often.

Reasons to Talk About Sex With Your Partner

Research has found that couples who have strong sexual communication are more satisfied with their sex lives. If you're experiencing issues with your sex life, talking frankly about them with your partner might improve your sex life and your relationship.

Open communication can lead to greater feelings of intimacy and a stronger relationship. In fact, talking honestly with your partner might increase your overall satisfaction with your relationship.

A 2019 study linked tied better sexual communication with greater sexual satisfaction and fewer faked orgasms:

"Women who continued to fake orgasms were more likely to indicate embarrassment talking about sex with their partner in explicit ways," the study's authors said. "More than half of women reported they had wanted to communicate with a partner regarding sex but decided not to; the most common reasons were not wanting to hurt a partner’s feelings, not feeling comfortable going into detail, and embarrassment."

Important Topics to Discuss

Sex-related topics you should talk about with your partner might include:

  • Change in libido
  • Desire to try something new
  • Family planning
  • Feelings of sexual rejection or always having to initiate sex
  • Lack of intimacy or need for more affection
  • Lack of sexual satisfaction
  • Sexual dysfunction

Talking About Safe Sex

Practicing safe sex is crucial, especially if your relationship is open to others. Ask your partner if they've used condoms and other safety measures when engaging with other sexual partners. Likewise, be honest about your own practices. If either of you hasn't practiced safe sex, discuss appropriate testing for everyone involved.

Between exclusive partners in a monogamous relationship, raising this issue can be especially difficult if it raises questions of fidelity. If you have engaged in any kind of sexual activity with someone else or suspect that your partner has, it's time for a frank, if difficult, conversation and testing.

Talking About Your Desires

Your comfort level is an important part of having a satisfying sex life. Your partner can't read your mind, so telling them what you want and need can enhance the sexual experience for both of you. Discuss what makes you feel aroused and desired. If your partner is falling short of your expectations, communicate this gently and constructively, and offer ideas you think might help.

Try talking about your sexual fantasies. This might be difficult at first but bear in mind that everyone has them, and they tend to fall into a few common categories. Being vulnerable in this way can increase the intimacy between you and your partner and might even lead to some new ideas for sexual activities.

When You Don’t Want Sex

Libido can change from one day to the next, and sometimes, two people simply don't align in their level of sexual desire. When you would rather not engage, remember to communicate with your partner honestly and sensitively.

If low or mismatched libido is a recurring problem that is causing problems in your relationship, consider consulting a healthcare provider or counselor for advice. There are many variables to consider when it comes to sex drive including your physical and mental health.

When to Talk About Sex

There is a time and place to discuss sex with your partner. Waiting for the right moment to address the topic can help you get around some of those feelings of discomfort or awkwardness that can be common during sex talks. You should also:

  • Pick a neutral location. Don't talk about sexual problems in your bedroom or at bedtime. Pick a neutral location that's private and comfortable for both of you.
  • Avoid post-sex talks. Don't talk about sex-related problems right after having sex. Wait for a time when you can be more objective and removed from the topic at hand.
  • Avoid blindsiding your partner. If you want to talk about sexual problems, let your partner know (without placing blame) that you think the two of you need to talk. Set a time and a place, and think about what you'd like to discuss beforehand.

How to Get Started

Certified sex therapist Laurie Watson offers these tips:

  • Plan it. Tell your partner you'd like to discuss sex, and suggest a neutral place, like a cafe.
  • Focus on one issue at a time. Discuss a single topic, such as sexual frequency.
  • Don't complain: Suggest. Be sensitive to your partner's feelings, and frame your remarks positively, e.g. "I love it when you ____, and I think it'd be really hot if we _____."
  • Ask basic questions. Conversation-starters such as "What time of day do you most like to have sex?" helps the two of you start from common ground. It also helps your partner know you value their likes, dislikes, etc.

How to Talk About Sex With Your Partner

Here are some strategies for making conversations about sex easier for both of you.

Start Slowly

Have a "soft start" to the conversation. Begin with your goal to feel closer and connected with your partner. Avoid blaming. Skip criticism, and focus on things you both can do to make your sex life more fulfilling.

Focus on Intimacy

Remember that affection and intimacy are just as important as frequency. Look into ways to build intimacy and feel more connected beyond intercourse, and talk about your needs for other types of affection and attention, too.

Skip the Surprises

You should both be on the same page, so initiate these conversations before springing any surprises on your partner. Talk about what you both might enjoy and fantasies you have. If you do decide to introduce some of these into your relationship, research your options together.

To avoid creating problems in your sex life, don't purchase sex advice books or sex toys without discussing the issue with your partner first.

Express Yourself

Talk with one another about expectations, fears, desires, and concerns—and be honest. Share your innermost thoughts and feelings regarding your sexual relationship, and help your partner feel emotionally safe enough to do the same.

Talk Often

The "sex talk" is not a one-time conversation; it should be an ongoing discussion and a normal part of your relationship. Needs and desires can change over time. Check in with your partner often.

Understand Your Sexual Style

Knowing your sexual style can help you understand which forms of intimacy you find the most satisfying—and the same rings true for your partner. Explore your sexual styles with one another. All couples have these styles or moods at some point.

  • Spiritual: This is a union of mind, body, and soul that reflects your deep appreciation of being with one another. Noticing the small moments in your lives can enhance your spiritual connection.
  • Funny: Laughing and teasing one another in bed is about having fun together. There is a light and playful undertone. 
  • Angry: Making love even when you're ticked off at each other can be healing. However, be sure to address the issues eventually.
  • Lusty: This style is wicked and flirty. You might give each other seductive looks or have quick sex in an unusual setting. This is about the joy and physicality of having sex.
  • Tender: This style is the gentle, romantic, healing sex that may involve massages, light touches, and ministering to one another. You both are into the physical sensations and focus on giving each other pleasure. 
  • Fantasy: With this style, the two of you collaborate to be daring and experiment a bit. If you incorporate your fantasies into sexual activity with your partner, set guidelines and honor each other's limits.

If you and your partner have different sexual styles, open and honest communication can help. Talking through your differences can help you understand and address the differences, ensuring that you both feel satisfied. You and your partner might also consider sex therapy if you need help.

A Word From Verywell

"Good lovers are made, not born," as the saying goes. If you truly want your sexual relationship to be all that it can be, take the time to talk with one another. 

Engaging in regular communication is an important component of any great relationship—and that includes talking about sex. This conversation is necessary for all couples, and it isn't a one-time event. It's something you and your partner should take part in regularly from the beginning of your relationship on. A healthy sex life is a great gift, and it's to be enjoyed and nurtured. 

Frequently Asked Questions

  • How do you talk to your partner about pain during sex?

    If you're experiencing dyspareunia (pain during sex), don't suffer in silence. Be honest and open with your partner. Seek medical help to determine the cause. Your comfort is important, and a good sexual partner should be understanding and supportive.

  • How do you talk about sex without it being awkward?

    The more frequently you discuss sex with your partner, the less awkward it will be. Remember that your partner can't read your mind and might be relieved when you express what's on yours. Choose a neutral place free of distraction and interruptions, and avoid criticism.

  • How do you talk about sex problems with your partner?

    Approach it as you would any other problem in your relationship. Be sensitive to your partner's feelings and avoid criticism. Choose a neutral place and a time when you won't be interrupted so both of you feel safe and can be as open as possible. Couples therapy can also provide a safe space to talk about sexual issues.

  • How do you talk about sex with a potential marriage partner?

    If your partner seems interested in marriage, it's important to discuss expectations regarding sex. It's a big component of a healthy marriage for most people, and knowing what's important to your partner can build intimacy. Start slowly, choose a neutral place where you won't be interrupted, and be sensitive to your partner's feelings. You may also choose to try pre-marital counseling, which can be a safe, supportive place to discuss sex for some couples.

7 Sources
Verywell Mind uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
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  3. Montesi JL, Fauber RL, Gordon EA, Heimberg RG. The specific importance of communicating about sex to couples’ sexual and overall relationship satisfactionJ Soc Pers Relat. 2011;28(5):591-609. doi:10.1177/0265407510386833

  4. Herbenick D, Eastman-Mueller H, Fu TC, Dodge B, Ponander K, Sanders SA. Women’s sexual satisfaction, communication, and reasons for (no longer) faking orgasm: Findings from a U.S. probability sampleArch Sex Behav. 2019;48(8):2461-2472. doi:10.1007/s10508-019-01493-0

  5. Watson, L. Four rules for a productive sex talk with your partner. Psychology Today.

  6. Debrot A, Meuwly N, Muise A, Impett EA, Schoebi D. More than just sex: Affection mediates the association between sexual activity and well-being. Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2017;43(3):287-299. doi:10.1177/0146167216684124

  7. Herbenick D, Eastman-Mueller H, Fu TC, Dodge B, Ponander K, Sanders SA. Women’s sexual satisfaction, communication, and reasons for (no longer) faking orgasm: Findings from a U.S. probability sample. Arch Sex Behav. 2019;48(8):2461-2472. doi:10.1007/s10508-019-01493-0

By Sheri Stritof
Sheri Stritof has written about marriage and relationships for 20+ years. She's the co-author of The Everything Great Marriage Book.