Brain Health 7 Natural Ways to Increase Your Dopamine Levels By Toketemu Ohwovoriole Toketemu Ohwovoriole LinkedIn Toketemu has been multimedia storyteller for the last four years. Her expertise focuses primarily on mental wellness and women’s health topics. Learn about our editorial process Updated on April 25, 2021 Medically reviewed Verywell Mind articles are reviewed by board-certified physicians and mental healthcare professionals. Medical Reviewers confirm the content is thorough and accurate, reflecting the latest evidence-based research. Content is reviewed before publication and upon substantial updates. Learn more. by Shaheen Lakhan, MD, PhD, FAAN Medically reviewed by Shaheen Lakhan, MD, PhD, FAAN Shaheen Lakhan, MD, PhD, is an award-winning physician-scientist and clinical development specialist. Learn about our Medical Review Board Print Halfpoint Images / Getty Images Table of Contents View All Table of Contents How Dopamine Works Causes of Low Dopamine Levels How to Increase Your Dopamine Levels Naturally Dopamine is a chemical messenger in your brain. It’s essential for motivation, movement, memory, mood, sleep, and behavior regulation. Dopamine is also at the center of how the brain’s reward system works. Dopamine rewards you whenever you engage in a beneficial behavior and motivates you to repeat the behavior. Every time we do something enjoyable, like eating a nice meal, having sex, or going for a run, a little bit of dopamine is released in our brain. However, engaging in vices like alcohol or recreational drugs also causes dopamine to be released into the brain. This is why the chemical messenger has been closely linked to addiction. Low dopamine levels have been linked to several medical conditions like depression, addiction, schizophrenia, and Parkinson’s disease. Low dopamine levels can make you feel less motivated, apathetic, listless and affect your ability to concentrate. Some symptoms of low dopamine levels include: Low libido Muscle stiffness Insomnia Lack of motivation Fatigue InattentionApathyListlessness What Is the Chemistry Behind Depression? How Dopamine Works Most of the dopamine produced by your body is made in the midbrain after which it is distributed to different areas in your brain. Despite decades of research, scientists are still baffled by the exact mechanism of dopamine in the brain. There are four major pathways for dopamine in your brain. Each one controls a different process in your body. Three of these pathways are your rewards pathways and their function is to release dopamine into your brain when you engage in a rewarding activity. What Causes Low Dopamine Levels? Many things could cause low dopamine levels. Some of them include: Medical conditions: Some medical conditions have been linked to low dopamine levels. Conditions like schizophrenia, Parkinson’s diseases, depression, substance abuse, and bipolar disorder are common culprits of low dopamine levels. Poor diet: Eating a diet that doesn’t contain adequate nutrients for optimal brain health could cause low dopamine levels—especially a diet that’s lacking in tyrosine. Substance abuse: Abuse of alcohol and recreational drug use can, in the long term, cause your body to reduce its natural production of dopamine. This, in turn, causes you to rely on the substance you are abusing. Certain medication: Some medications like antidepressants and antipsychotic drugs work by binding to dopamine receptors. This blocks the natural activity of dopamine in your brain. How to Increase Your Dopamine Levels Naturally Treating dopamine loss aims to cause the production of more dopamine, slow down the breakdown of dopamine that is being produced, create more dopamine receptors, and repair existing dopamine receptors so that they can work better. There are several supplements and medications available for people who have low dopamine levels. Medication is often used in cases where your depleted dopamine levels is caused by a condition such as depression or schizophrenia. However, there are some techniques you could also use to increase your dopamine levels naturally. Get Enough Sleep Getting an adequate amount of sleep every night is necessary for maintaining our health. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that adults get an average of seven or more hours of sleep every night. When you don’t get enough sleep, dopamine receptors in your body can be adversely affected. Research has linked sleep deprivation to the suppression of some dopamine receptors in your body. Listen to Some Music Make a playlist of some of your favorite music and listen to it when you are feeling listless, unmotivated, or experiencing other symptoms that indicate your dopamine levels are low. In a 2011 study, researchers found that when you listen to music you find pleasurable it can lead to a release of dopamine in your brain. Maintain a Healthy Diet Eating a healthy diet has several benefits for both your body and mind and increasing your dopamine levels is part of this. Foods that are rich in tyrosine like almonds, egg fish, and chicken are especially good for boosting dopamine levels. Tyrosine is an amino acid that is naturally produced by the body. Dopamine is made from this amino acid and can be found in protein-rich foods. Foods that contain natural probiotics such as yogurt and kefir may also increase dopamine production. Drinks like coffee also boost your dopamine, but keep in mind that as your dopamine levels drop after drinking it, this could cause a caffeine addiction. Exercise More Exercising regularly has been proven to be very important for your brain’s health. It can also help you boost your dopamine levels. Whenever you exercise your brain releases some dopamine. While more research needs to be conducted into the exact mechanism that leads the brain to produce dopamine when we exercise, you are probably familiar with the feeling you get after a workout. Frequent runners also report experiencing something called a runner’s high. This is described as a feeling of relaxation and elation and is a result of the release of dopamine by the brain. Meditate Meditating has a positive effect on a host of mental health conditions. Research also shows that meditation has the ability to increase your dopamine levels. Cut Down on Processed Sugars Consuming processed sugars like candy and soda have the ability to increase your dopamine levels, but this increase is only temporary and artificial. Like with alcohol and recreational drugs, sugar can give you temporary boosts of dopamine while affecting the rate at which your body produces it naturally. When you consume a large amount of sugar in a short time, you may notice that you feel a rush of elation. This is a sugar high. It is typically very temporary and followed by a crash that leaves you feeling down. Remove Stressors From Your Life Stress is a precursor to many medical conditions, it also causes low dopamine levels. We aren’t always in control of the things that bring stress into our lives, but you can eliminate stressors that you have some control over. For instance, if a long commute to work is causing stress, you might consider moving closer to work. You can also engage in activities that reduce stress like meditating, exercising, or getting a massage. A Word From Verywell If you are experiencing symptoms that indicate that you might have a condition more serious than low dopamine levels, it’s important to see a doctor. If the cause of your low dopamine levels is an underlying medical condition, treating the condition will alleviate your low dopamine level symptoms and leave you feeling healthier and happier. 7 Sources Verywell Mind uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy. Science in the News. Dopamine, Smartphones & You: A battle for your time. May 1st, 2018 Health Direct. Dopamine. March 2019 Center for Disease Control and Prevention. How Much Sleep Do I Need?. March 2nd, 2017 Volkow ND, Tomasi D, Wang G-J, et al. Evidence that sleep deprivation downregulates dopamine d2r in ventral striatum in the human brain. J Neurosci. 2012;32(19):6711-6717. Salimpoor VN, Benovoy M, Larcher K, Dagher A, Zatorre RJ. Anatomically distinct dopamine release during anticipation and experience of peak emotion to music. Nature Neuroscience. 2011;14(2):257-262. Sutoo D, Akiyama K. Regulation of brain function by exercise. Neurobiol Dis. 2003;13(1):1-14. Kjaer TW, Bertelsen C, Piccini P, Brooks D, Alving J, Lou HC. Increased dopamine tone during meditation-induced change of consciousness. Brain Res Cogn Brain Res. 2002;13(2):255-259. By Toketemu Ohwovoriole Toketemu has been multimedia storyteller for the last four years. Her expertise focuses primarily on mental wellness and women’s health topics. See Our Editorial Process Meet Our Review Board Share Feedback Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! What is your feedback? Other Helpful Report an Error Submit Speak to a Therapist Online Advertiser Disclosure × The offers that appear in this table are from partnerships from which Verywell Mind receives compensation.