Psychology is the study of the human mind, and is the basis for many forms of mental health treatment, particularly psychotherapy. Psychology plays a role in our behaviors, emotions, relationships, personality, and much more.
Explore the various types of psychology, their history and the major theorists behind them, and apply this knowledge to your own mental and emotional well-being.
Many psychological factors, such as mood, stress levels, emotions, and coping mechanisms, can affect our overall mental wellness on a daily basis. Additionally, psychological disorders like depression or schizophrenia can have a long-term impact on our health and wellness.
While often used interchangeably, there are some key differences between psychology, the study of the mind, and psychiatry, which is a branch of medicine focused on treating mental health disorders. Psychologists and psychiatrists both can provide therapy, but typically only the latter can prescribe medication in order to treat biological factors affecting a person's mental health.
Traditionally, it is believed that personality is more or less set in stone, but research shows that it is possible to learn new behaviors—such as picking up new habits or challenging your self-beliefs—that can in turn affect your overall personality.
Psychotherapy is a form of mental health treatment that typically utilizes talk therapy with a credentialed professional to help overcome problematic thoughts or behaviors.
The DSM is the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. It is used by healthcare professionals to help diagnose mental health conditions. It is currently in its 5th edition.
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), is the most well-known figure in the history of psychology. Many of his theories, such as the unconscious mind and the theory of psychosexual development, persist in some form to this day.
Motivation is the process that guides and maintains our goal-oriented behaviors. In essence, it is the driving force behind why we choose to do certain things.
Personality refers to the thoughts, behaviors, and feelings that make a person unique. It is believed that personality stays fairly consistent throughout a person's life.
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