Scoptophobia or the Fear of Being Stared At

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Scoptophobia, also known as scopophobia, is the fear of being stared at. It varies in severity from person to person. Some people are afraid only when a stranger stares for a long period of time, while others fear even passing eye contact with a friend. Scoptophobia is often, though not always, associated with other social phobias. Untreated, the fear may worsen over time.

Scoptophobia and Related Disorders

Scoptophobia is a specific phobia, but may be related to social phobia. Most people with this fear also suffer from other related social phobia symptoms such as stage fright or the fear of public speaking.

Some people with certain medical conditions develop scoptophobia either because they feel that being stared at may trigger an episode, or because they fear that having an episode will cause people to stare. Epilepsy, Tourette's syndrome, and some movement disorders are among the conditions that could heighten the risk for scoptophobia. People with disfiguring illnesses or injuries may also be more likely to develop this phobia.

Note that reasonable fears are never diagnosed as phobias. However, for some people, the fear is out of proportion to the risk.

If you suffer from the fear of being stared at due to a medical condition, it is important for a mental health professional, in tandem with your doctor, to determine whether, given your particular condition, your fear is excessive and having an unnecessarily negative impact on your life.


If you have scoptophobia, you might go out of your way to avoid situations that put you in the spotlight. Some people are afraid only of large group situations, while others fear short transactions such as grocery store checkouts. Some are afraid of even such incidental contact as exchanging pleasantries with someone walking down the street.

When confronting your feared situation, you might blush profusely. Ironically, many people with scoptophobia also suffer from erythrophobia, or the fear of blushing, making this symptom particularly troublesome. You might also begin to sweat, shake, experience heart palpitations or shallow breathing, and feel unable to collect your thoughts. You might feel a strong need to escape the situation.

Some people with scoptophobia begin to limit their daily activities in a quest to avoid the panic reaction. You might refuse to go out alone or to host people that you do not know well in your home.

Over time, untreated scoptophobia sometimes worsens. You might eventually become uncomfortable even in the company of trusted friends or relatives.


Scoptophobia can often, though not always, be traced to traumatic events. Those who were bullied or made fun of may be at increased risk for this phobia.

Many adolescents go through a phase of extreme self-consciousness which may include worries about being looked at. In general, however, these feelings subside over time. If the fear persists or worsens, however, it may be diagnosed as scoptophobia.


Like all phobias, the fear of being stared at responds well to a variety of therapy options. Your therapist will work with you to develop a treatment plan that addresses the scoptophobia as well as co-occurring disorders.

Scoptophobia can be life-limiting, gradually forcing sufferers to restrict their daily activities. With appropriate treatment and perseverance, it can be overcome. The benefits of treatment are well worth the time and energy required to successfully battle this phobia.

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By Lisa Fritscher
Lisa Fritscher is a freelance writer and editor with a deep interest in phobias and other mental health topics.