Important Dates in the Life of Sigmund Freud

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Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was an Austrian neurologist who is considered to be the father of psychoanalysis. He wrote multiple books and papers on psychology and considered himself to be more of a scientist than a doctor. Right after he graduated from university, he set up his own private practice to treat patients with psychological disorders. He didn't become particularly well-known until around 1909, and his theories, focusing largely on sexuality, were often considered scandalous or narrow.

Timeline of Sigmund Freud

1856 – (May 6) Sigismund Freud was born in Freiberg, Moravia, now part of the Czech Republic, to parents Jakob and Amalia. At the age of 40, Jakob already had two children from a previous marriage, but Sigismund was the 21-year-old Amalia's firstborn.

1860 – After the failure of his father's business due to economic woes, the Freud family moved to Vienna, Austria, and settled in the Jewish neighborhood of Leopoldstadt.

1865 – Began attending the Gymnasium.

1873 – Graduated summa cum laude from secondary school and began studying medicine at the University of Vienna.

1875 – Changed his first name from Sigismund to Sigmund.

1881 – Received his doctorate degree in medicine.

1884 – Began studying the physical and psychological effects of cocaine.

1885 – Worked with Jean-Martin Charcot at the Salpetriere Hospital on hysteria and hypnosis.

1886 – Began his own private practice and married Martha Bernays.

1887 – Daughter Mathilda (1887-1978) was born, and he first met Wilhelm Fliess.

1889 – Son Jean Martin (1889-1967) was born. The boy was named in honor of Freud's early mentor, Jean-Martin Charcot.

1891 – Son Oliver (1891-1969) was born.

1892 – Josef Breuer describes the case of Anna O. with Freud. His son Ernst (1892-1970) was also born.

1893 – Began formulating his seduction theory. Daughter Sophie (1893-1920) was born.

1895 – Published Studies on Hysteria with Breuer. Daughter Anna Freud (1895-1982) was born.

1896 – First used the term psychoanalysis in Zur Ätiologie der Hysterie. His father, Jakob, died the same year.​

1900 – Published The Interpretation of Dreams.

1901 – Published The Psychopathology of Everyday Life.

1905 – Published Three Essays on Sexuality.

1906 – Began correspondence with Carl Jung.

1907 – Freud and Jung met face-to-face.

1908 – The first International Congress of Psychoanalysis was held in Salzburg.

1909 – Freud made his first and only visit to the United States along with Carl Jung and Sandor Ferenczi. He had been invited by G. Stanley Hall to present a series of guest lectures at Clark University.

1913 – Jung broke from Freud and psychoanalysis. Freud's book Totem and Taboo was published.

1920 – Published Beyond the Pleasure Principle, which introduced his concept of the death instinct.

1922 – His grandson, the noted artist Lucian Freud, was born.

1923 – Published The Ego and the Id and was diagnosed with jaw cancer.

1930 – Freud's mother died. Civilization and its Discontents was published.

1933 – Corresponded with Albert Einstein. The Nazis publicly burned some of Freud's books because he was Jewish.

1938 – Youngest daughter Anna Freud was arrested and interrogated by the Gestapo, so Freud moved to London with his wife and Anna to escape the Nazis.

1939 – Freud died on September 23 of cancer in London.

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4 Sources
Verywell Mind uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
  1. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Sigmund Freud (1856—1939).

  2. U.S. Library of Congress. Sigmund Freud papers.

  3. Sigmund Freud Museum in Vienna. Sigmund Freud chronology.

  4. Doran C. Rage and anxiety in the split between Freud and Jung. Humanities. 2017;6(3):53. doi:10.3390/h6030053

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