Relationships Spouses & Partners Marital Problems How to Have Difficult Talks About Your Marriage By Sheri Stritof Sheri Stritof Sheri Stritof has written about marriage and relationships for 20+ years. She's the co-author of The Everything Great Marriage Book. Learn about our editorial process Updated on April 18, 2022 Medically reviewed Verywell Mind articles are reviewed by board-certified physicians and mental healthcare professionals. Medical Reviewers confirm the content is thorough and accurate, reflecting the latest evidence-based research. Content is reviewed before publication and upon substantial updates. Learn more. by Carly Snyder, MD Medically reviewed by Carly Snyder, MD Facebook LinkedIn Twitter Carly Snyder, MD is a reproductive and perinatal psychiatrist who combines traditional psychiatry with integrative medicine-based treatments. Learn about our Medical Review Board Print Yellow Dog Productions/Iconica/Getty Images Table of Contents View All Table of Contents Reasons to Have Difficult Talks Things to Consider How to Begin Choosing the Time Strategies Frequently Asked Questions Throughout your marriage, there will be times when you need to have "must-have" conversations. These are the conversations that you both may not want to talk about. These are conversations about difficult issues and situations. These are the conversations that may make you both angry, defensive, sad, and hurt. While having a difficult marriage talk probably isn't something either of you looks forward to, avoiding certain conversations can cause problems to worsen later on. You and/or your partner might become bitter or angry when things go unresolved, so it's best to address any issues with honest and direct communication. This article covers reasons why couples should have difficult talks and how to have hard conversations. It also provides tips and strategies for starting discussions. Reasons to Have Difficult Talks About Your Marriage Pretending that there is nothing wrong will likely cause you and your partner to walk on eggshells around each other—you won't know how to act around each other if you can communicate with honesty. Ultimately, ignoring your issues can cause your marriage to fail. Having a difficult marriage talk shows you care enough about your spouse and your marriage to have the conversation. It's common for people to use avoidance tactics when they don't want to talk about something. But putting off conversations can build resentment over time, making it even harder to address your issues over time. For instance, if you and your partner are having financial trouble, or you disagree about the ways you want to parent your children, not talking about these things isn't going to make them disappear. If you don't decide how you want to proceed together as a unified front, one or both of you will likely feel alienated from the partnership—or even feel neglected or left out by your partner. Putting off these conversations only makes them harder. For example, avoiding talking about difficult issues with money or parenting can lead to arguments and conflicts down the road. When you talk openly with your partner, it allows you to develop candid and open communication that strengthens your relationship. Recap Mutual respect and honest conversations build intimacy and trust. So the more you practice having these conversations, the more you strengthen your relationship. Important Things to Consider Here are tips for when you have to have that difficult talk. Learning how to have hard conversations is the first step. Look at Your Expectations If you expect the conversation to go badly, it will. If you assume that having a big talk will make the situation worse, it probably will. You need to define your expectations of the conversation and think in positive terms. Understand Your Motivations Know why you want to have the talk. Do you want to talk with your spouse about a difficult issue to gain a better understanding of your spouse's perspective on the issue? Do you want to clear up a misunderstanding? Do you need to confront your spouse about a suspected lie or hurtful behavior? Are you concerned about your level of intimacy with one another and want to be closer to your spouse? Be Ready for It to Be Difficult Accept that it will probably be a stressful conversation. Although you don't want either one of you to be stressed, hurt, or angered by the conversation, it is important to realize that you both may be defensive and emotional as you talk. How to Begin the Conversation Below are suggestions for how to start your conservation: Don't say "can we talk? or "we have to talk." Start your conversation with a statement that acknowledges that the topic is difficult, sensitive, confrontational, or touchy. Clarify that you know that you have different perspectives and that you want to work together to have a better understanding of those perspectives.Think about how you'll begin the conversation. A few intros you might consider are: "I've been thinking about ...", "What do you think about ...", "I'd like to talk about ...", "I want to have a better understanding of your point of view about ..." Don't beat around the bush. Keep it simple. Stay on topic. Recap Consider how the conversation will go before you begin and approach it in a positive, non-confrontation way. Be direct and focused, but be sure to make it clear that it is a conversation and not an argument. Choose the Right Time and Place Below are more important considerations: Don't manipulate your spouse Don't invite your spouse out to the movies when you really plan on having "the talk" at a restaurant. Be honest — not manipulative.Time the talk well. Pick the right time for the conversation. Don't ask your spouse to agree to a time to have the talk without having calmed yourself down first. Don't have a difficult conversation before or after sex.Don't expect to have the talk immediately. It is important that you give your spouse some time to think about the topic you want to talk about but this shouldn't be postponed for a long time. Mention you would like to have the discussion within 48 hours.Don't trap your spouse. If you have the conversation in the car or on an airplane, etc. you are trapping your spouse.Agree on where to have the talk. Unless your spouse agrees to have the talk in a public location, such as a restaurant, take your kids to a babysitter and have the talk at home. Is There Manipulation in Your Relationship? Important Conversation Strategies Consider these helpful strategies: Show respect for your spouse. Don't speak down to your spouse. Don't assume your spouse knows what you want to talk about. Don't interrupt when your spouse is speaking. Be aware of non-verbal communication. Maintain eye contact. Acknowledge what you hear with the understanding that acknowledgment is not necessarily agreement. Be prepared. Back up your concerns, thoughts, and ideas with research and facts. Keep your conversation on the topic you agreed to discuss. Don't talk on and on. Reach an agreement you both can live with. Then set a time to follow-up to see how you are both dealing with the issue. Know when to get help. If the issue or situation continues to create problems in your marriage, the two of you may have the need for a counselor or a mediator. A Word From Verywell While these conversations are difficult, they are essential to have for the health and future of a relationship. However, if you and your partner try having conversations that are consistently not productive, or you are having ongoing problems that you can't resolve on your own, try talking to a professional counselor—either individually or as a couple. The Best Online Marriage Counseling Programs Frequently Asked Questions What should couples talk about before marriage? Some questions to consider before getting married are:How will we handle disagreements and conflict resolution?How will we manage our finances (do we want a prenuptial agreement)?Will both of us or only one of us work/have a career after marriage?Will we have kids and if so, how many? How do we want to parent our children?Will we move after we get married (i.e., moving into a house from an apartment)?How will we handle any religious/spiritual differences? Who can you talk to about your marriage problems? You can talk to a mental health professional like a therapist or a spiritual or religious leader. It can also be helpful to confide in a trusted family member or friend about marriage problems.However, be sure that this person won't divulge the contents of your conversation to your partner. You shouldn't feel like you have to hide that you are talking to a trusted person or therapist, but your partner should not be left feeling like you are talking about them behind their back. What are meaningful conversation topics for couples? Share with each other what makes you feel the most loved and respected. For instance, ask your partner what their love language is. Talk about your expectations for your relationship, and where you both see yourselves in the future. Learn each other's boundaries and how to be respectful of them. Learn More: What Are the Five Love Languages? 3 Sources Verywell Mind uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy. Overton AR, Lowry AC. Conflict management: difficult conversations with difficult people. Clin Colon Rectal Surg. 2013;26(4):259-64. doi:10.1055/s-0033-1356728 Foley GN, Gentile JP. Nonverbal communication in psychotherapy. Psychiatry (Edgmont). 2010;7(6):38-44. Schofield MJ, Mumford N, Jurkovic D, Jurkovic I, Bickerdike A. Short and long-term effectiveness of couple counselling: a study protocol. BMC Public Health. 2012;12:735. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-735 See Our Editorial Process Meet Our Review Board Share Feedback Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! What is your feedback? Other Helpful Report an Error Submit Speak to a Therapist for Relationships Advertiser Disclosure × The offers that appear in this table are from partnerships from which Verywell Mind receives compensation.