PTSD Coping 9 Healthy Coping Skills for PTSD By Matthew Tull, PhD Matthew Tull, PhD Twitter Matthew Tull, PhD is a professor of psychology at the University of Toledo, specializing in post-traumatic stress disorder. Learn about our editorial process Updated on October 03, 2022 Medically reviewed Verywell Mind articles are reviewed by board-certified physicians and mental healthcare professionals. Medical Reviewers confirm the content is thorough and accurate, reflecting the latest evidence-based research. Content is reviewed before publication and upon substantial updates. Learn more. by Carly Snyder, MD Medically reviewed by Carly Snyder, MD Facebook LinkedIn Twitter Carly Snyder, MD is a reproductive and perinatal psychiatrist who combines traditional psychiatry with integrative medicine-based treatments. Learn about our Medical Review Board Print People with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often struggle with frequent and intense anxiety symptoms. These strong symptoms of anxiety often lead people with PTSD to rely on unhealthy coping methods, such as drug or alcohol use. Other common symptoms of the condition include intrusive thoughts, flashbacks, nightmares, avoidance of reminders, negative thoughts, and a heightened startle response. Such symptoms can contribute to increased anxiety, making it difficult to function in different aspects of everyday life. Fortunately, there are many healthy coping skills for PTSD that can help ease anxiety and other symptoms. These strategies may help reduce the intensity of anxiety, lessen its frequency, and/or make it more tolerable. Deep Breathing PhotoTalk / Getty Images Breathing plays an important role in the stress response. Unfortunately, many people do not breathe properly. Natural breathing involves your diaphragm, a large muscle in your abdomen. When you breathe in, your belly should expand. When you breathe out, your belly should fall. Over time, people forget how to breathe this way and instead use their chest and shoulders. This causes short and shallow breaths, which can increase stress and anxiety. Fortunately, it is possible to re-learn how to breathe deeply from your diaphragm and help protect yourself from stress. Practice simple deep breathing exercises to improve your breathing and combat anxiety. Progressive Muscle Relaxation Ashley Corbin-Teich / Getty Images Using relaxation exercises can also be effective coping skills for PTSD that provide a way to reduce your stress and anxiety. Progressive muscle relaxation focuses on alternating between tensing and relaxing different muscle groups throughout the body. This relaxation method is similar to a pendulum. Complete relaxation of your muscles can be obtained by first going to the other extreme (that is, by tensing your muscles). In addition, by tensing your muscles (a common symptom of anxiety) and immediately relaxing them, the symptom of muscle tension may become a signal to relax over time. How to Use Progressive Muscle Relaxation to Quell Anxiety Mindfulness Sam Edwards / Getty Images Mindfulness techniques are useful coping skills for PTSD. Mindfulness has been around for thousands of years, and mental health professionals are beginning to recognize that mindfulness can benefit people dealing with anxiety, depression, and other mental health conditions. Mindfulness: Mindfulness is about being in touch with and aware of the present moment. So often in our lives, we are stuck in our heads, caught up in the anxiety and worries of daily life. Mindfulness can help you get out of your head and in touch with the present moment. It is important to note that this type of self-reflection can sometimes bring difficult emotions or thoughts to light, particularly if you have a history of trauma. Some research has also reported that some people may experience significant distress when practicing mindfulness, including increased anxiety symptoms, dissociation, and emotional numbing. You may find it helpful to practice mindfulness under the guidance of a trauma-informed therapist. Self-Monitoring Hero Images / Getty Images Self-monitoring can be a helpful way of getting a handle on your anxiety symptoms. Self-monitoring is a technique that involves carefully observing and recording specific thoughts, behaviors, sensations, or emotions. People are creatures of habit. This means they often go about the day without thinking about what they are doing, feeling, or experiencing. Lack of awareness may make people feel their thoughts and emotions are unpredictable and unmanageable. Unfortunately, this means that people cannot address uncomfortable anxiety symptoms without first being aware of what situations bring up these feelings. The goal of self-monitoring is to help people gain more insight into their symptoms and coping skills. It can be a useful coping skill for PTSD and a simple way of increasing awareness. Social Support Hero Images / Getty Images Research has found that finding support from others can be a major factor in helping people overcome the negative effects of a traumatic event and PTSD. Having someone you trust that you can talk to can be very helpful for working through stressful situations or for emotional validation. However, simply having someone available to talk to may not be enough. There are several important pieces to a supportive relationship that may be particularly beneficial in helping someone manage their anxiety. A support group led by a professional may be helpful, particularly if you would benefit from learning and practicing new coping skills for PTSD. These supportive connections, whether they come in the form of an in-person support group led by a mental health professional or an online group, can help people with PTSD connect with other people who share their struggles. This can be a source of valuable connection, encouragement, advice, and strength as people cope with the troubling symptoms of PTSD. Self-Soothing Hero Images / Getty Images When you are experiencing anxiety, it is important to have ways of coping with those feelings. For example, seeking out social support can be an excellent way of improving your mood. However, the anxiety associated with symptoms of PTSD can sometimes occur unexpectedly, and social support may not be readily available. Therefore, it is important to learn coping strategies that you can do on your own. These coping strategies focus on improving your mood and reducing anxiety and are sometimes described as self-soothing or self-care coping strategies. Self-soothing tactics that can help calm your body include: Incorporating the senses to ground you in the present moment Self-touch, such as self-holding or self-massage Lying down with a weighted blanket Listening to relaxing music Aromatherapy Expressive Writing Westend61 / Getty Images Journaling can also be a useful coping skill for PTSD. It can help people express and process their thoughts and feelings (also called expressive writing), which can be a good way of coping with anxiety. Expressive writing has been found to improve physical and psychological health. In PTSD, in particular, expressive writing has been found to have several benefits, including improved coping, post-traumatic growth (the ability to find meaning in and have positive life changes following a traumatic event), and reduced PTSD symptoms, tension, and anger. Distraction Hero Images / Getty Images Purposeful use of distraction techniques can be of benefit in coping with emotions that are strong and feel uncomfortable, such as anxiety and fear. Distraction is anything you do to temporarily take your attention off of strong emotion. Focusing on a strong emotion can make it feel stronger and more out of control. Temporarily distracting yourself can give the emotion time to decrease in intensity, which makes it easier to manage. Some helpful distraction techniques for coping with PTSD include: Talking to a friend or family member Doing housework Exercising Engaging in a creative task Watching a tv show or movie Reading a book Playing a game Counting backward Reciting a mantra or affirmation Visualizing an enjoyable scene Coloring in an adult coloring book Playing a video game Taking a nap Doing yoga Meditating Behavioral Activation Yuri Arcurs / Getty Images Anxiety and avoidance go hand-in-hand. While the avoidance of anxiety-provoking situations may help reduce anxiety at the moment, in the long term it may prevent you from living a meaningful and rewarding life (especially as this avoidance grows bigger and bigger). Behavioral activation is a way of increasing your activity level, as well as how much you engage in positive and rewarding activities. Through behavioral activation, you can reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety. To try this approach, make a list of activities that you find rewarding. Examples might include: Spending time with friendsEngaging in exerciseGoing out for coffeeVisiting the libraryVolunteeringRearranging furnitureHikingTaking photosPaintingCooking a mealListening to a podcast Next, set a goal for how many activities you want to complete each week and then track your progress as you engage in these different tasks. If you or a loved one are struggling with anxiety, contact the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) National Helpline at 1-800-662-4357 for information on support and treatment facilities in your area. For more mental health resources, see our National Helpline Database. A Word From Verywell Trauma can contribute to anxiety and other symptoms, but there are a number of coping skills for PTSD that can help bring relief. Strategies such as distraction, deep breathing, mindfulness, and behavior activation are just a few techniques that you can try. If you find these approaches are not doing enough to help with your symptoms, talk to a doctor or mental health professional. Treatments for PTSD can help you process your experiences and develop new coping skills. Tips for Coping With PTSD 18 Sources Verywell Mind uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. 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