Addiction Drug Use Prescription Medications Can I Get Addicted to Xanax? By Elizabeth Hartney, BSc, MSc, MA, PhD Elizabeth Hartney, BSc, MSc, MA, PhD Elizabeth Hartney, BSc, MSc, MA, PhD is a psychologist, professor, and Director of the Centre for Health Leadership and Research at Royal Roads University, Canada. Learn about our editorial process Updated on April 13, 2020 Medically reviewed Verywell Mind articles are reviewed by board-certified physicians and mental healthcare professionals. Medical Reviewers confirm the content is thorough and accurate, reflecting the latest evidence-based research. Content is reviewed before publication and upon substantial updates. Learn more. by Steven Gans, MD Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Print Russell Johnson / EyeEm / Getty Images Xanax is a short acting prescription medication that is sometimes prescribed to people with a variety of anxiety disorders, as well as for those who have been through upsetting experiences, such as the death of a loved one, to help calm them down and help them sleep. As it is potentially addictive, some people ask the question, "Will I get addicted to Xanax when it has been prescribed by my physician?" Overview For people who have been through a shocking and distressing experience, the feelings of anxiety they are experiencing are normal under the circumstances. Insomnia is also common. Although incidents such as the unexpected death of a loved one are very upsetting, grief is a natural human process that takes time to overcome. Distressing feelings do get better, but it is often difficult to predict how long it will take someone to emotionally deal with a stressor, such as an unexpected loss. Therapeutic Benefits of Xanax In these circumstances, it is understandable that your physician would prescribe Xanax. Xanax is a benzodiazepine medication that works very quickly and effectively to reduce anxiety and help with sleep. Physicians often prescribe these medications to help patients feel better when they are very distressed, and generally patients find them helpful in the short term. Xanax can calm people quickly and effectively and can help promote relaxation and sleep when taken as prescribed. For those who only take the dose given by their doctor, and who only take the drug for a brief period until things settle down, these medications can be part of a coping strategy which includes emotional and practical support, as needed. Risk of Addiction However, benzodiazepines do carry some risk of addiction. Although most who take them never develop issues with addiction or abuse, many people who take them at high enough doses over a long enough period of time do, at the very least, experience a rebound effect when they stop taking them. A rebound effect is a more pronounced version of the symptoms you were taking the medication for, so in your case, you are likely to feel an increase in anxiety and sleeplessness. Some people develop more severe problems with benzodiazepines, especially if they take a higher dose than was originally prescribed. If you ask your physician for a higher dose, they may feel it is supportive to prescribe it, even though the risk that you will become addicted increases. Under the circumstances, your physician may believe the most important thing right now is to help you get through a difficult time. Who Gets Addicted? Not everyone who takes benzodiazepines develops addiction problems. Although many clinicians believe that addiction is unpredictable, research has shown psychological, genetic, and situational factors can affect it. Some research has shown that there is a personality profile associated with the tendency to become addicted to benzodiazepines. Those who become addicted tend to cope in more emotional ways than those who take benzodiazepines but don't become addicted. Those who don't become addicted often cope in task-based ways instead. Those who become addicted tend to withdraw more from social situations, and they tend to have had more adverse life events. If you or a loved one are struggling with substance use or addiction, contact the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) National Helpline at 1-800-662-4357 for information on support and treatment facilities in your area. For more mental health resources, see our National Helpline Database. Prevention If you decide to take prescribed benzodiazepines for your anxiety or sleep problems, it is very important not to take more of the medication than prescribed. It might also be worth talking to your doctor about alternative medications or non-medication approaches to treatment. If the benzodiazepine is being prescribed for an ongoing anxiety disorder, a medication such as a serotonin reuptake inhibitor might be effective and safer long term. There are also effective psychotherapies for treating anxiety, such as cognitive behavioral therapy and lifestyle changes that can help with symptoms over time. Factors That Affect Drug Addiction Although it is important to recognize the risk of addiction, it is also important to take care of yourself emotionally. Whatever you and your doctor decide is the right treatment for you, it would help to spend time with a trusted, caring person who will understand and support you during difficult times. If you feel unable to cope with your feelings and feel that there is no one to turn to, it is important to seek psychotherapy. If there are any concerns about your safety, go to your nearest emergency room or call 911. How Xanax (Alprazolam) Is Used to Treat Social Anxiety Disorder 4 Sources Verywell Mind uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy. Wick JY. The History of Benzodiazepines. Consult Pharm. 2013;28(9):538-548. doi:10.4140/TCP.n.2013.538 Aguiluz J, Álvarez M, Pimentel E, Abarca C, Moore P. How to face a patient with benzodiazepine dependence in primary health care? Strategies for withdrawal. Medwave. 2018;18(1):e7159. doi:10.5867/medwave.2018.01.7159 Konopka A, Pelka-Wysiecka J, Grzywacz A, Samochowiec J. Psychosocial Characteristics of Benzodiazepine Addicts Compared to Not Addicted Benzodiazepine Users. Progress in Neuropsychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry. 2013;40:229-235. doi:10.1016/j.pnpbp.2012.09.001 Konopka A, Pełka-wysiecka J, Grzywacz A, Samochowiec J. Psychosocial characteristics of benzodiazepine addicts compared to not addicted benzodiazepine users. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2013;40:229-35. doi:10.1016/j.pnpbp.2012.09.001 By Elizabeth Hartney, BSc, MSc, MA, PhD Elizabeth Hartney, BSc, MSc, MA, PhD is a psychologist, professor, and Director of the Centre for Health Leadership and Research at Royal Roads University, Canada. See Our Editorial Process Meet Our Review Board Share Feedback Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! What is your feedback? Other Helpful Report an Error Submit Get Treatment for Addiction Advertiser Disclosure × The offers that appear in this table are from partnerships from which Verywell Mind receives compensation.